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2019-03-15 11:34     供稿单位: 188bet怎么样    

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结合中心词和中心句的才能


  简略的细节题仅仅调查了阶段中的某个信息,经过定位就能够做出标题。可是有些细节题却对同学们的提出更高的要求。做细节题时,因为往往是从语句着手,会构成一种‘只见树木,不见森林’的感触。接下来咱们看的标题,需求把握阶段的主题(key words)和中心句(topic sentence )。就像看一幅画,咱们得先看一下整幅著作是暖色调仍是冷色调,看一下著作的主题要表达什么,然后再细看某一处细节的勾勒。



  (一)核 心 词

微信图片_20190315113301.jpg

  中心词是指一个阶段中重复呈现和论说的词语,能够有近义词的替换,可是论说的视点不变。比方下面这道标题:

  There is little doubt, however, that desertification in most areas results primarily from human activities rather than natural processes. The semiarid lands bordering the deserts exist in a delicate ecological balance and are limited in their potential to adjust to increased environmental pressures. Expanding populations are subjecting the land to increasing pressures to provide them with food and fuel. In wet periods, the land may be able to respond to these stresses. During the dry periods that are common phenomena along the desert margins, though, the pressure on the land is often far in excess of its diminished capacity, and desertification results. 翻译:可是,能够必定的是,大部分地区沙漠化首要都是因为人类活动形成,而非自然条件导致。沙漠边际的半干旱土地所在的 生态平衡环境非常软弱,环境压力继续添加,而这些半干旱区域习惯环境压力的才能极端有限。人口数量的添加使得人们不断 向土地施压,依其供给食物和燃料。在湿润的时节里,土地也许能够敷衍这些压力。可是在干旱的时节里,在沙漠周边的土地上,存在着这样一个非常遍及的现象:人类对土地施加的压力远远超过了土地本身减压的才能,因而终究构成了沙漠。)


  According to paragraph 5, in dry periods, border areas have difficulty

  A adjusting to stresses created by settlement

  B retaining their fertility after desertification

  C providing water for irrigating crops

  D attracting populations in search of food and fuel

  解析:这道标题经过定位能够很快找到 During the dry …desertification results 这句话。可是,有些同学会在A选项和B选项中开端纠结。B选项中说到在沙漠化之后坚持土壤的肥美,这个看起来也很有道理啊。可是,请咱们留意了,本文论说的key word是stress,何以见得呢?咱们在阶段里标红了四组表明压力的单词,the pressure, these stress, pressure, environmental pressure,这些词语表达出了阶段的论说方向是压力,而非肥美,所以此题挑选A选项。



  (二)中 心 句

微信图片_20190315113307.jpg

  有一类的细节题需求结合阶段粗心进行挑选,这类标题的特点是:1.题干表述比较含糊 2.定位词欠好确认 3.选项往往有细节和归纳之分。

  Paragraph 4: As oil becomes increasingly difficult to find, the search for it is extended into more-hostile environments. The development of the oil field on the North Slope of Alaska and the construction of the Alaska pipeline are examples of the great expense and difficulty involved in new oil discoveries. Offshore drilling platforms extend the search for oil to the ocean’s continental shelves—those gently sloping submarine regions at the edges of the continents. More than one-quarter of the world’s oil and almost one-fifth of the world’s natural gas come from offshore, even though offshore drilling is six to seven times more expensive than drilling on land. A significant part of this oil and gas comes from under the North Sea between Great Britain and Norway. 翻译:跟着石油越来越难以找到,石油勘探现已开端到更晦气的环境中进行。比方,在最新发现的油田事例中,阿拉斯加北坡油 田的开发和阿拉斯加管道建造便是本钱高、难度大的比如。海底钻探渠道将寻觅石油的区域延伸到了海洋大陆架上——陆地附 近浅海下慢慢的斜坡。国际上 1/4 以上的石油和近 1/5 的天然气都来自近海,虽然近海钻井的本钱比陆地钻井高 6 至 7 倍。国际 上适当一部分的石油和天然气来自英国和挪威之间的北海。)


  7.Which of the following strategies for oil exploration is described in paragraph 4?

  A  Drilling under the ocean’s surface

  
B Limiting drilling to accessible locations


  C Using highly sophisticated drilling equipment

  D Constructing technologically advanced drilling platforms

  解析:这道标题欠好定位,假如用oil exploration来定位的话,在阶段里找不到这个词组,而题干也问得很含糊,石油挖掘的技巧,这样一来,许多同学会觉得标题无从下手。这道标题能够从中心句下手,看看阶段的中心意思是什么来决议这个标题答复的重心。中心句或许叫topic sentence便是文章榜首句(怎么读阶段和寻觅重心句,咱们后边的专题会给咱们具体的解说)。As oil becomes increasingly difficult to find, the search for it is extended into more-hostile environments. 这句话的要害提及了石油的挖掘延伸到愈加晦气的环境中。此处晦气的环境能够在阶段中找到对应的词语,ocean’s continental shelves海洋的大陆架,offshore临海的,晦气体现在价格上offshore drilling is six to seven times more expensive than drilling on land 本钱高了6到7倍。因而,经过中心句找到了整个阶段的头绪,在做题的时分就不会跑偏,了解到细枝末节上。这道标题挑选A选项。咱们也能够经过排除法来做这道标题。经过选项简化咱们能够看到,B选项是约束方位,C选项运用设备,D选项是建造渠道。这些都是细节类的选项,假如挑选一个,没有道理不选别的一个。比照之下,只要A选项‘在海平面之下挖掘’是一个归纳性的选项。



  188bet金博宝阅览中的细节题是10类题型中命题占比较高的题型,把握定位才能、结合中心词和中心句的才能这两个要素,咱们就能快速处理阅览细节题啦~

  

  


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