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2019-04-09 15:39     供稿单位: 188bet怎么样     原创作者:喻荟璇    

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  2019.03.16 188bet金博宝归纳写作真题

  Integrated Writing Task




  3、habitat fragmentation;



  2、当地居民能够运用tiger的价值(value), 比方让tourist来看山君;

  3、有一个wild life corridors(小黑板)能够衔接两个fragment 所以不是问题。

  20190316的归纳写作算是对考生们高抬贵手,动物类数量增加或削减都是比常见的归纳题型。其间除了第三个分观念(habitat fragmentation)稍显生疏,其他两点都能够在TPO的日常操练中找到了解的身影。如TPO10, TPO15, TPO17, TPO23和TPO48,都是动物数量上升或下降的题型。

  Keywords: animals, population, decline, increase


  TPO10 Sea otter population off


  • 水样本中chemical pollution level持续上升—对感染的抵抗力下降,life-threatening to them

  • other sea mammals also declining-again environment pollution,或许是呈现了广泛存在的肉食动物predators,可是它们只吃大点的prey

  • pollution假说 能够解说otter数量下降不均匀形式——洋流/其他环境要素或许形成污染物浓度不均匀


  • 污染会导致很多逝世,但没人在海滩上找到otter尸身,所以pollution理论不对。而且predator会直接吃掉otter,所以没有尸身被冲到岸上,predator假说更合理。

  • orca更喜爱whales 但whales根本已从该区域消失。为了survive它们或许会改吃otter/seal/sea lion

  • orca易接近的当地 otter数量下降更多,orca体型大进不了shallow and rocky location,而刚好这些当地otter数量没有削减

  TPO15 Cane toad population spreading


  • National fence to isolate the invaded area

  • Captured and destroyed by volunteers

  • Disease-causing virus to control the population


  • 幼小的Cane toad和toad eggs一般都在水中,所以树立围栏也防止不了水路的带着;

  • 未受练习的volunteers或许会损害到长相相似的濒危natural frogs;

  • virus或许会被带到中南美洲损害当地的生态系统。

  TPO17 Birds number declines


  • 人类的population and settlements扩张,削减了休息地;

  • Agricultural activities增多导致了休息规模的进一步下降;

  • Pesticide的运用,进入鸟的食物链且影响繁衍。


  • 城市开展为了other types of birds供给更好更大的休息地

  • 每天用于农业的土地越来越少,因为引进了more productive varieties of crops,因而没必要destroy wildness area

  • New and much less toxic pesticides have been developed,而且更多的pest resistant crops(reduce the need for chemical pesticides)

  TPO48 frog species have declines


  • Pesticide for crops -attack frogs nerve system VS

  • Fungus-thickening the skin- dehydration

  • Natural habitat is threatened by human activities


  • Pesticide关于农人来说十分重要,下降crop loss,保持在市场上的竞赛力。

  • Treatment against fungus需求作用在每一只青蛙上,而且每一代都需求,十分complicated and expensive.

  • 实践原因不是excessive water use 而是global warming引起的数量下降。


  ² 农药/杀虫剂(toxic or chemical pesticides)

  ² 休息地损坏(habitat decline, environment damage)

  ² 人类活动(human activities-land use, water use)

  ² 微生物(fungus, virus, bacteria)

  ² 捕食联系(prey, predator, hunting)



  Independent Writing Task


  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?


  Taking a lot time to make decisions was a bad quality for people to have, but now, is a good quality for people to have.



  尽管这是一道旧题,重复了2016.08.20CN的题,可是依然难倒了不少考生。有以下三个原因: 1. 论题生疏;2. 标题笼统有深度;3. 标题中有比照而且太肯定。这种标题很简单让人思路干涸不知怎么着笔。首要,立意方面,后半段说关于现在来说,花很长时刻做决议是功德。言语比较肯定会引荐学生挑选disagree;一起,限制条件是“now”,从常理推段,当今快节奏的社会,发起功率,因而本文挑选disagree。其次,构思方面,一旦遇到笼统的标题,一般主张学生运用“不同状况剖析法”把上义词拆分,以协助学生具体化,能很快从身边了解的场景中找材料,并分状况评论,不至于无话可话。因而,这一题把decisions拆成-危急关头的决议(要不要救人)和可贵一遇的决议(要不要出资),都能够引证日子傍边的比如来证明;再加一个退让段,即可完结一篇2+1的独立写作了。此外,关于比较有深度或反响社会现象的标题,能够选用“发问式”的最初方法,更能引人深思。请参阅如下范文:

  Have you been missing some great opportunities, as a result of your delayed decisions? Have you ever had all the information at hand being ready to make a choice but still be hesitant? Despite some voice goes like “It really depends on the context” or “It is the quality of the decision that matters rather than the time”, I still firmly believe that time and tide wait for no man, especially in the current age of opportunity.

  In extreme cases, the nature of the environment requires decisions to be made under time pressure. Excessive time can only aggravate the situation. Take my real experience as an example. I was on the street one day. One of the trash bins on the sidewalk was smoking while people were walking by with a glance at it. I was hesitating whether it is necessary to call the firefighting. Suddenly, it lit up and exploded with a loud sound. Everyone on the street was dispersing with scream. What’s worse, the flying lid caused severe injury on an old lady. It enlightened me that “wait and see” is not a good strategy or quality if you are a firefighter, security guard and surgeon in particular. The worst situation could be avoided only if we make the decision and act right away.

  On top of that, an opportunity seizer should be a quick decision maker. Some once-in-life opportunities, saying purchasing the last land in a vigorous developing suburb or applying for a promising and decent job, will slip away if you are not a fast shooter. A good example is the stock market in where time is everything. The traders better make decisions rapidly within a few seconds or minutes of seeing a signal whilst some swing traders usually spend a whole day to analyze the statistics and trends and the rock bottom has passed, let alone long term investors. One of my friends, who is the trader in forex, also tell me either overanalyzing or overthinking will grape your money. That is why it is not hard to find the earning traders are sensitive and decisive ones.

  Indeed, it requires ample time to consider through the issues that would have significant life implications, which university you will attend or who you are going to marry, for example. But it doesn’t mean that taking much time to decide deserves applause. For most circumstances, delayed decision will only bring people no benefits or loss. Instead of dwelling on why I missed the chance, make a prompt decision and never slip it away until you have followed through.

  Bottom line, not to mention whether it is bad, it is definitely not a good quality to taking long time to decide in the modern society as some life-or-death and one-in-a-thousand decisions must be made in a few seconds.